52 Ancestors,
in 52 Weeks
Week 12:
Loss

Samuel Gilbert: Loss

I have previously written about my 3rd great grandmother, Sarah Smith Gilbert 1820-1846, in the post Sarah Smith: Challenge. [1] While writing that post I wondered about the impact of her death on her family. What was the impact of her loss on her husband? My 3rd great grandfather, Samuel Gilbert 1812-1895 was left to care for their 2 year old daughter Hannah when Sarah died in 1846. At the age of 34, Samuel was a farmer and laborer. He probably had little time or experience to care for a small child. [2]

Life and Loss

The Gilbert’s lived in Cranberry Township, Crawford County, Ohio. Samuel bought this land as ‘tenants in common‘ with a man named Philip Immel. [3] Presumably Mrs. Immel was helpful during this period after the death of Sarah. The Immel’s had 5 children at this time, including an infant. [4] Whatever the case, Samuel soon remarried to Sarah Anne Moore in July 1847. [5] She was 23 years old and must have been a welcome helper to Samuel. The couple soon had a son, Samuel born October 1848. Sadly, Sarah Anne died less than a year later. Samuel is once again a widower, this time with two small children.

Death records were not kept during this period, so I do not know the cause of death for either Sarah.

Dangerous Work

Caring for 80 acres and two children may have been too much, Samuel sold his share of the farm to Phillip Immel. Samuel re-married in 1850 to Julianne Mitchell. [6] The family was living near the small community of Osceola in Crawford County. Samuel reports his occupation as “lime burner” in the 1850 census. [7] Lime burner is a fairly dangerous and labor-intensive job. Samuel, age 38, must have been desperate to provide for his family.

Lime Burners

Quarried lime was burned in kilns to produce a by-product used extensively in farming, but also used in the building trades, hide tanning, glass making and iron smelting. The limestone blocks were burned in the kiln, to a very high temperature. The process takes many hours and produces dangerous gases. Lime kilns were plentiful during the 19th century. They typically were found near quarries, but also close to a fuel source and transportation.

More Resources about Lime Burning

Delphi, IN: Lime Kilns on the Erie Canal
National Parks Service: Lime Kilns in AZ 
Photos of Lime Kilns
History of Crawford County, OH: Lime Kilns [8]

Lime Kiln PA
Lime Kiln Cross Section

Above: Poole Forge – Pennsylvania
By Doug Kerr from Albany, NY, United States
Uploaded by GrapedApe, CC BY-SA 2.0

Left: Drawing of a cross-section of a lime kiln
Drawing by Amos Long Jr.
Archives of the Monroe County Historical Assoc.

Immel Cranberry Twp 1850

Immel/Gilbert farm in Cranberry Twp, Crawford Co, OH

Tod & Holmes Twps 2020

My 2nd great grandmother, Hannah Gilbert, was the daughter of Samuel and his first wife Sarah Smith. She married William Rumple whose family had a farm very near the lime quarry in Crawford County. Scroll over the map to see a modern aerial view. The lime quarry is the large white area on the right side of the map. [9]

Conclusion

The loss of two wives in a short period of time must have been very difficult for my 3rd great grandfather. He had no family close by, and it appears his wives’ families were not available either. After his third marriage he was able to acquire land in Van Wert County and returned to farming. Samuel and Julianne went on to have four children, 3 survived to adulthood along with Samuel’s two children from his earlier marriages.

Samuel Gilbert

EPILOGUE

My 3rd great grandfather Samuel Gilbert is a brick wall. Census records and his death record [11] indicate he was born in Pennsylvania in 1812. The Immel’s lived in Catawissa Twp, Columbia County in 1830. [12] So, it is possible Samuel Gilbert is from Columbia County, or the immediate adjoining county, Northumberland. There is a household headed by David Gilbert in the borough of Northumberland in 1830 with a male age 10-19. [13] This would fit for Samuel. Also, both Catawissa and Northumberland are directly on the Susquehanna River. This could be the connection for Phillip Immel and Samuel Gilbert.

SOURCES

  1. Blog post, Family Finds: Sarah Smith: Challenge; https://barblafara.com/sarah-smith-challenge/
  2.  Profile of Samuel Gilbert, ‘Osborn‘ tree, Ancestry.com; https://www.ancestry.com/family-tree/person/tree/13493206/person/12164041102/facts
  3. Entry for Samuel Gilbert, 15 Dec 1835, U.S. General Land Office Records, 1796-1907, doc# 3062, Orig. URL: http://glorecords.blm.gov/details/patent/default.aspx?accession=OH0580__.091&docClass=STA&sid=uvtpmymt.ydf
  4. Entry for Philip Immel, U.S, Federal Census: Year: 1850; Census Place: Cranberry, Crawford, Ohio; Roll: M432_671; Page: 452B;
  5. Entry for Samuel Gilbert and Sarah Ann Moore, 22 Jul 1847, Ohio, County Marriage Records, 1774-1993 [database on-line], Crawford County, Year Range: 1847 – 1854. Lehi, UT, USA: Ancestry.com, 2016. Vol3, p31, Film# 000388676
  6. Entry for Samuel Gilbert and Julia Ann Mitchell, 10 Oct 1850, Ohio, County Marriage Records, 1774-1993 [database on-line], Crawford County, Year Range: 1847 – 1854. Lehi, UT, USA: Ancestry.com, 2016. Vol4, p263, Film# 000388676
  7. Entry for Sam’l Gilbert, U.S. Federal Census: Year: 1850; Census Place: Todd, Crawford, Ohio; Roll: M432_671; Page: 48B
  8. History of Crawford County and Ohio Containing a History of the State of Ohio, from Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time“, Publisher: Baskin and Battey, 1881; Accessed online: https://archive.org/details/bub_gb_a-MyAQAAMAAJ/page/n594/mode/1up?q=lime+kiln; p608
  9. Library of Congress, Map of Crawford County, 1850; M.H. And J.V.B Watson, 185-? Cincinnati, O.: Lithog. by Middleton, Strobridge & Co, 1850] Map. https://www.loc.gov/item/2012592209/
  10. Online memorial for Samuel Gilbert, Find a Grave; https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/124644916/samuel-m-gilbert
  11. Certificate of Death, entry for Samuel Gilbert, 27 Oct 1895, Ohio, County Death Records, 1840-2001, database with images, FamilySearch, Henry County Death records, 1882-1921, vol 3-5; image 135 of 331; line 63.
  12. Entry for Christian Emil (Immel), U.S. Federal Census; Year: 1830; Census Place: Catawissa, Columbia, Pennsylvania; Series: M19; Roll: 165; Page: 150; Family History Library Film: 0020639
  13. Entry for David Gilbert, U.S. Federal Census; Year: 1830; Census Place: Northumberland, Northumberland, Pennsylvania; Series: M19; Roll: 147; Page: 163; Family History Library Film: 0020621

Frank Takeo Flucawa

Born Takeo Furukawa on 15 March 1883 in Tottori-Ken, Tokyo, Japan, little is documented of his early childhood. Family oral history stories say that the young Takeo experienced hunger, poverty and the loss of his family. Additionally, the stories tell of friendship, spiritual learning and scholarship.

David L. Osborne: His Indianapolis Homes

My great grandfather, David Louis Osborne, lived at over 20 addresses around Indianapolis between 1876 and 1942. I thought it would be interesting to see all the old buildings and homes where he lived in my hometown of Indianapolis.

The Marriage of David and Jennie Osborne

My great grandfather, David Louis Osborne (1848-1942), was a widower with two young sons in 1886 when he married Jennie Warbington (1857-1918) in Minneapolis on the 27th of May. I decided it was time to put sources to the story.

Do You See A Resemblance?

While working on a family photo project I decided it would be fun to compare side-by-side my father and his parents, at similar ages, to try and discover a family resemblance.

Probate of Jesse King 1868

Jesse King was born in Ohio (probably in the vicinity of Chillicothe) in 1805, he was a son of Philip King and Mary Leah Wright, both of Pennsylvania. Philip King was a farmer, he married Leah Wright in 1801 in Somerset, PA, they had six children, of whom Jesse was the third.

Letter from Sarah Tucker Lafary

A handwritten letter from Sarah Tucker Lafary to the then president of the United States, Grover Cleveland. It was her last appeal for a War of 1812 pension, sadly the pension was denied. The letter gives a glimpse of a woman who had no formal education, a poor farmers wife, then widow, mother of nine, she probably just wanted some independence through an income of her own.

Sarah Smith: Challenge

52 Ancestors, in 52 Weeks – Week 2: Challenge
So much about genealogy research is a challenge, perhaps the most common challenge is the ‘brick wall,’ meet Sarah Smith. 18?? – 1846

Laferre to LaFara: Unusual Name

52 Ancestors, in 52 Weeks – Week 3: Unusual Name
The surnames in my tree are typical of common western European names. However, the name that is unusual among these names is MY surname: LaFara.

Luella Pressell: Surprise!

52 Ancestors, in 52 Weeks – Week 6: Surprise!
Just when you think you know everything about an ancestor, surprise! I thought I knew most everything about my paternal great grandfather David L. Osborne, 1848-1942.

Rumple Family Photo 1895

52 Ancestors, in 52 Weeks – Week 8: Family Photo
For all of us who are procrastinating about labeling photos I have one thing to say, “Be considerate of the genealogist of the future!” My maternal grandmother was very good about labeling old family photos, and there is one in particular I found very informative.

Conrad Rumple: Bachelor Uncle

52 Ancestors, in 52 Weeks – Week 10: Bachelor Uncle
My uncles are the marrying kind, sometimes more than once!
I had to go back four generations for a bachelor uncle, my great-great-great uncle Conrad Rumple, 1833-1911.
Conrad was an older brother to my great-great grandfather on my matrilineal line, William Rumple, 1839-1912.

George Lafary and Catherine Landon: Large Family

52 Ancestors, in 52 Weeks – Week 11: Large Family
My great-great grandparents, George Lafary and Catherine Landon, had a relatively small family, three of their six children survived to adulthood. However, they both came from large families of nine siblings and nearly all survived to marry and have children.

In The Paper

52 Ancestors, in 52 Weeks – Week 13: In The Paper
It’s fun to find articles in the paper mentioning one of my relatives. Mostly they are birth, marriage, divorce and death events. But, it’s the oddball articles in the papers I like the most.

Genealogy Brick Walls

52 Ancestors, in 52 Weeks – Week 14: Brick Wall
We all have a brick wall, that one ancestor who defies all research. I decided I would work at my brick walls by generation, I broke through the last of my 3rd great grandparent brick walls, now I am working on 4th great grandparents.

Catherine Landon: Out of Place

52 Ancestors, in 52 Weeks – Week 16: Out of Place
I realized I did not have a date of death for my great, great grandmother, Catherine Landon Lafary. A fresh search uncovered the date and much more. Out of place, but once discovered, everything fell into place.