52 Ancestors,
in 52 Weeks
Week 22:
Family Finds Charter Oak

Military Service

The military service of my 4th great grandfather, John Baldwin Osborn, is the basis for my family tree. I wrote about it earlier this year in the prompt “Beginnings.” [1] A lot of my early family research was focused on finding American Revolutionary Veterans among my ancestors. For several years I kept a running list of Veterans among my direct ancestors and shared it annually on Veteran’s Day with my family. Below is a table of my direct ancestors and their military service. If you recognize any of the names, or units, I am happy to share my research.

American Revolution

So far, I have discovered Revolutionary War military records for 29 direct ancestors. That seems like a lot, but some of the records were for providing supplies, working as a teamster, or brief service in a local militia. My 5th great-grandfather David McAnally has a well-documented American Revolution pension record that I describe in some detail for last year’s prompt “Power.” [2]

We all have 32 4th, 64 5th, and 128 6th great grandfathers. I have 121 Unknowns, 36 who never came to America, 1 immigrated after the war, and 11 who died prior to 1776 among my 224 4th, 5th, and 6th great grandfathers. That left 55 men in my tree to look at for American Revolutionary Veterans. I looked most closely at the 42 who were born between 1730 and 1760.

These are many of the surnames in my family tree

War of 1812

I have found 10 direct ancestors with War of 1812 military service. When researching War of 1812 veterans, I have focused on my male ancestor’s who were born between 1775 and 1795. I only had 16 direct ancestors who met this criteria. I featured the War of 1812 service of my 3rd great grandfather George W. Landon for last year’s prompt “Fire.” [3]

David Osborne, Discharge Paper
Fort McHenry Sep 1814

Civil War

Since childhood I have been aware of my great grandfather’s, David Osborne, Civil War service. I wrote about it a few years ago, “David L. Osborne, Civil War Soldier.” [4] My family research has led me to discover one paternal and three maternal 2x great grandfather’s, plus a maternal 3rd great grandfather, who served in Union Army units. Four of these 6 men performed their service prior to the birth of their child from whom I descend. It is this sort of realization that causes me to appreciate, even more, winning the birth lottery.

Direct Ancestor's Military Service

NOTES: * Immigrant; + POW; ^ KIA; # My ancestor born before the father's service
Name Birth-Death Rank and Service M'trnl-P'trnl #Grt GF Notes
King Phillip's War
William Darby1647-1701Private in Capt Scottow's Regiment from Boston P 7x
Robert Treat1625-1710Commander-in-Chief of the Connecticut forcesP8x
French/Indian War
Thomas Pannell1730-1808 Private, under Capt. William Brown, near Pattison's CreekM6x#
Revolutionary War
David Allen1743-1823Private in Capt. Nathaniel Bowman’s Co, 2nd NJ Batt.P5x#+ DAR A001428
Lawrence Brindle1742-1809Private in Capt. Wm. Strain's 6th Batt., Cumberland Cnty, PAM5x*# DAR A014535
John Crippen1740-1801Private in Capt. Thom. Parramore's 9th VA InfantryM6x#
James M Dyer1732-1825Artificer in Capt. Jedidiah Thayer's Corps of Carpenters, VAM5x
Michael Frye1743-1787Corp. in Capt. Zimmerman's Co, Lancaster Cnty, PA MilitiaP5x*#
William Fuson1762-1835Private in Capts. Waller and Rubell's unit, VA Line, Henry CntyP4xDAR A042774
John George1704-1784Patriotic Service, Virginia, Provided SuppliesM7x# DAR A206327
Reuben George1734-1799Virginia Corps of ArtificersM6x#
Travis George 1759-1833Private, 5 & 11th VA infantry, Cpt. Fleming, Col. McClenachanM5x
Ebenezer Gilbert1734-1790Private, Ulster Cnty, Cantine's Reg., New York MilitiaM6x#
George Gillespie1745-1822Private, Washington Cnty, PA Militia, Capt. RamseyP5x# DAR A044800
Peter Haller Sr.1715-1799Patriotic Service, Virginia, Provided SuppliesM6x*# DAR A054355
Richard Hankins1749-1823Minuteman in General Francis Marion's North Carolina militiaP5x#
Conrad Hebble1752-1850Militiaman, 5th class, Capt Metzger's Co, Lancaster, PAP5x
John Hubbs1763-1844Private, Col Andrew Pickens Reg, South Carolina MilitiaM5xDAR A059456
Johann Philip Illges1752-1792Militiaman, 3rd class, in Capt. Thos. McNary Reg, PA MilitiaP4x
Philip King1748-1818Militiaman, 6th Batt. in Capt. Wilson's Reg. York Cnty, PA M5xDAR A064723
Johan Jacob Kready1748-1828Grenadier Kassel Regiment of General von Rall (Hessian)P4x*+
William Major Jr. 1740-1782Private, 14th VA Regiment, Continental Line, Col. Wm DaviesM6x^#
David McAnally1748-1834Ensign and Sgt. with Cols. Taylor, Mead and Pope, VA MilitiaM5x# DAR A074427
John Baldwin Osborn1754-1848Sergeant in Capts. Nox and Lang's 1st Regiment, NJ MilitiaP4xDAR A084491
Thomas Pannell 1730-1808Private, Capt. John Peyton Harrison's, 2nd Virginia RegM6x#
James Patterson1761-1838Private, Salisbury District, Rowan Cnty, North Carolina MilitiaM5xDAR A086392
Johannes F Rumple1735-1805Militiaman, 7th Co, 3rd Batt., Northampton Cnty, PA MilitiaM5x*#
Johan Conrad Rumple 1753-1833Militiaman, 7th Co, 6th Batt., Northampton Cnty, PA MilitiaM4x
James Longman Skaggs1734-1816Scout, Montgomery Cnty, Virginia Militia, Capt. Dan. TriggM6x#
William Sparks1740-1788Captain in Benj. Davis Reg., Westmoreland Cnty, PA MilitiaP5x# DAR A107901
William Henry Tucker1744-1779Corporal, 1st Maryland Regiment of Col. John StoneP5x*^# DAR A116750
Thomas Woolsey Jr.1760-1797Private, Botetourt Cnty, Capt. McFarland's Reg. Virginia MilitiaM5xDAR A133073
Non-conflict service (Frontier protection)
Eli Skaggs1770-1833Private, Knox Co., TN Militia, Capt. Beairds Reg., 1792-1794M5x
War of 1812
Robert Hill1780-1830Private 1st Regiment, Capt. Shelby's Mounted KY MilitiaP4x#
William Hubbs1793-1879Private 1st Regiment, Capt. Dan'l Price's unit, TN MilitiaM4x
Phillip King III1782-1846Private 2nd Regiment, Capt. James Taylor's unit, OH MilitiaM4x#
George W Landon1790-1863Private 9th Regiment, Capt. Ed Landern's unit, MD MilitiaP3x
James McCash1788-1871Teamster for the Quartermaster at CincinnatiP3x
John Osborn 1784-1839Private 3rd Regiment, Col. John Frelinghuysen's NJ MilitiaP3x#
Newman Prater 1775-1815Private 7th Regiment, Capt. Saunders unit, VA MilitiaP4x^#
Peter Shaver1790-1870Private Artillary Battalion, Capt. George Kempe's unit, VA MilitiaM4x
John Sivey1775-1849Private 2nd Regiment, Capt. James Taylor's unit, OH MilitiaM4x
Levi Tucker1774-1843Private 2nd Regiment, Capt. Hugh Flinn's unit, OH MilitiaP4x#
Civil War (These are all Union companies)
James Andrew Dyer1845-1915Private, Company A, 1st Tennessee InfantryM2x
James Koontz1840-1919Sergeant, Company F, 3rd Tennessee InfantryM2x
David L Osborne1848-1942Private, Company D, 83rd Ohio InfantryP1x+
William T Rumple1839-1912Private, Company H, 123rd Ohio Infantry M2x
Jacob I Shaver1823-1909Private, Company A, 10th Tennessee CavalryM3x#
Samuel Warbington1828-1893Private, Company G, 13th Indiana CavalryP2x#
World War II
Robert LaFara1925-2004Sergeant in the 819th Bombardment Squadron, 30th Air GroupFather


This data is based on my research to date, June 2021. I believe this data to be accurate, but there remains a chance the original data was transcribed poorly, or the records belong to a man of the same name. 
* Immigrant
# My ancestor born before his service

Military Service of Note

Nearly all of my ancestors with military service records were privates or militiamen. But, there are a few of my direct ancestors with military service records that stand out.

Charter OakMy 8th great grandfather was Robert Treat, 1622-1710, of Milford, CT. He immigrated from England with his parents when still a teenager. As an adult he became an influential person in his community. He was a Major with the Connecticut Militia in 1673 and soon received an appointment as Commander in Chief for the Connecticut Colony when they joined with an indigenous coalition against the Narragansett Indian’s during King Phillip’s War, 1675-1678. By 1683, Robert Treat became Governor of Connecticut and is credited with hiding the colonies’ charter in an oak tree when control of the colony was briefly assumed by an appointee from England. Robert Treat had a storied career that includes being credited with founding Newark, New Jersey. [5] 

Immigrant AncestorJohan Jacob Kready was my 4th great grandfather, he served during the American Revolution, but his service was for a German Mercenary unit attached to the British. Jacob was among the Hessians taken prisoner on the day after Christmas in 1776 at Trenton, NJ. He probably was pressed into service in Germany, he appears to have come from a poor farming family. As a POW, he was pressed into service as a farm laborer in Lancaster County, PA on the farm of my 5th great grandfather, Johan Jacob Frey. At the conclusion of the War, Jacob married the farmer’s daughter, my 4th great grandmother Elizabeth Frey. The Frey’s were German immigrants, so I imagine Jacob fit right in. He went on to prosper as a farmer and he and Elizabeth had nine children. It is likely he has thousands of descendants living today in the United States.

Two of my ancestors, James Dyer and Reuben George, have American Revolutionary military records that describe them as Artificers. I had not heard this term before. It is a skilled mechanic, carpenter, or other craftsmen. In this case, they were serving in a military capacity. Artificers not only built or repaired various weaponry, particularly artillery and artillery mounts, they also made fortifications, barrels, wheels, carts, harnesses, and shod horses. [6]

Union TN FlagWhen I first researched my Tennessean ancestors, I was surprised to discover that the three who served during the Civil War all served in Union Army regiments. But, then I realized they all came from Union County, TN. The county name reflects the desire of the citizens to support the Union in the lead-up to the Civil War. Although, they supported seceding from Tennessee once Tennessee seceded from the Union.

819th patchI wrote about my father’s World War II service earlier this year for the post “Air.” [7]


Most of my research of military service has been done online using records found on Ancestry.com, Fold3.com, the DAR online database [8] and various state libraries with online databases of veterans. I have compiled a fairly exhaustive list of my known direct ancestors’ service records. I expect that, as I break through my genealogy brick walls, I will discover more veterans and will further add to my list. Watch this space.


  1. Blog post, Family Finds: Beginnings; https://barblafara.com/beginnings/
  2. Blog post, Family Finds: Power; https://barblafara.com/power/
  3. Blog post, Family Finds: Fire; https://barblafara.com/fire/
  4. Blog post, Family Finds: David L Osborne, Civil War Soldier; https://barblafara.com/david-l-osborne-civil-war-soldier/
  5. Website, The Gene Pool: Robert Treat;; https://sites.rootsweb.com/~genepool/treatrob.htm
  6. Website, Wikipedia: Armed Forces Artificer; https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Armed-forces_artificer
  7. Blog post, Family Finds: Air; https://barblafara.com/air/
  8. Website, DAR: Ancestor Search; https://services.dar.org/public/dar_research/search/default.cfm/


  1. Cheryl Schulte

    This is very interesting and a phenomenal amount of research. I cannot even imagine researching all these people and having the amount of information that you have. My earliest ancestor with military service was my great-grandfather who served in the Spanish American War. Of course, my ancestors did not come to this country as early as yours did.

    I thoroughly enjoyed this post.

    • Barb LaFara

      Thanks for reading and leaving a comment, Cheryl!

    • Cathrine A Patterson

      Hello Barb, looks like we share a couple relatives. Levi Tucker was my maternal 4th great grandfather and William Tucker my fifth maternal great grandfather. Thank you for the info and all to dedication to finding these records.


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